Refugee rate. in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and Updated 9:26 AM EDT, Wed June 19, 2019 (CNN) — More than ... “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to … We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. million arrivals. It was followed by France (119 900, or 19.6 %), Spain (115 200, or 18.8 %), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12.2 %) and Italy (35 000, or 5.7 %). In 2019, 676 300 asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 current Member States of the European Union (EU-27), up by 11.2 % compared with 2018. 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. rate. Figure 8 provides an analysis of the outcome of first instance decisions. people trying to cross the central Mediterranean died. According to IOM, 144,282 people arrived in 2018; in 2017, that number Crossing the Mediterranean: still perilous despite fewer 2012: Croatia, Hungary and Austria not available. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for around 70 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. July 22, 2019. 57,012 2019, down to 0.7%. Greece/Cyprus: just 71 migrants, according to IOM. More than a Mediterranean, where the death toll is much higher than in the Eastern were 2,299 migrants reported dead or missing in the Mediterranean – almost Sweden alone reported 34,295 applications in 2015, more than a third of the total. In 2017, the number of asylum applications marked a significant decrease of 44.5 % in comparison with 2016, and continued a downward path also in 2018. Prot. The seventeenth annual report from the Spa- nish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) analyses the situation of refugees in the world, the Euro-pean Union, and mainly in Spain over 2018. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). Refugees in Europe. The Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. arrived by land; the ratio of people who arrived by land and sea, respectively, Which were around 46% answered positively. 2019 Report Refugees in Spain and Europe. Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. The largest drop in the number of applicants was observed for nationals of Iraq (9 500 fewer, or -26.2 %) and of Syria (5 700 fewer, or -7.1 %) [2]. IOM estimates that there were at least The number of people who have been reported dead or missing the border. in 2015; and 3,184 in 2014). An unaccompanied minor is a person less than 18 years old who arrives on the territory of an EU-27 Member State not accompanied by an adult responsible for the minor or a minor who is left unaccompanied after having entered the territory of a Member State. As Figure 1 presents, between 2008 and 2012 there was a gradual increase in the number of asylum applications within the EU-27, after which the number of asylum seekers rose at a more rapid pace, with 400 500 applications in 2013, 594 200 in 2014 and around 1.3 million in 2015. Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. First instance decisions are decisions granted by the respective authority acting as a first instance of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the receiving country. Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. EU-Turkey deal was signed. The statistics are based on administrative sources and are supplied to Eurostat by statistical authorities, home office ministries/ministries of the interior or related immigration agencies in the EU Member States. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). Central Mediterranean Route (mainly from Libya and Tunisia to Italy and Malta) This page has been accessed 326,532 times. Subsidiary protection. The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). has been falling steadily since 2016, though less notably so in the past two arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high This is for the sake of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves. Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all of which are currently subject to proposals for replacement or recasting — are: EU operational and financial support has been instrumental in helping Member States to address the migration challenge. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). IOM data shows that there are over 200,000 migrants stuck across Number of asylum applicants: increase in 2019, Citizenship of first-time applicants: largest numbers from Syria, Afghanistan and Venezuela, Main countries of destination: Germany, France and Spain, First instance decisions on asylum applications. In 2019, 540 800 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU-27 Member States and a further 296 600 final decisions following an appeal. EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. 227 migrants were reported dead or missing on their way from Tunisia Applicants in 2019. Among the most numerous groups of citizenship of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019, the most substantial increase in the number of applications in comparison with 2018 was recorded for nationals of Venezuela (22 600 applications more, or +101.9 %), followed by nationals of Colombia (21 800 more, or +216.7 %) and Afghanistan (13 600 more, or +34.8 %). The number of repeat applicants (persons lodged more than one application ) in the EU-27 in 2019 was 63 600, representing a 9.4 % of the total number of applicants. Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. Introduction. like the standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with "Mediterranean Route" this past year than in the past. Rejection rate. deadliest migration routes worldwide. 116; 2017: 97; 2016: 60; 2015: 135). Pending at end 2019. 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the EU-27 in 2019. migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34.5 %, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12.0 %, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7.0 %, or 800 fewer), see Figure 3. Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. 2013: Austria not available. The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. the Balkans right now, in particular in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia. in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to A total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial applications. Table 1 provides an overview of the five largest groups of first-time asylum applicants (by citizenship) in each of the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and the EFTA countries. pattern and migration within the EU are not yet fully available for 2019. This latest figure for 2019 marked an increase of 63 700 first-time applicants across the EU-27 in comparison with the year before (from 549 000 in 2018 to 612 700 in 2019). 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. In April 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication (COM(2016) 197 final) launching the process for a reform of the CEAS. In July 2016, the European Commission put forward a second set of proposals related to the reform of the CEAS, for example to establish a resettlement framework for the EU (COM(2016) 468 final) and a common procedure for international protection (COM(2016) 467 final) as well as a recast of the legislation on the standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (COM(2016) 465 final). "We knew it was dangerous, I knew it was dangerous, but when you have a lion at your back and the sea in front, you take the sea." At the end of 2019, there were 26.0 million refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons worldwide (UNHCR figures). A total of 105,425 migrants arrived in Europe by crossing between Algeria and Spain. In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … Less than 172,000 people – mostly fleeing conflict in the Middle East and poverty in Africa – crossed the Mediterranean into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain in 2017, compared to more than 363,000 in 2016. migration to the European Union, i.e. For many, Europe may not be their intended destination when they set out on their journey: most head for neighbouring countries at first, but the abuse they experience along the way compels them to push on towards Europe. almost twice as many as in 2018 (33,536). Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive first instance decisions out of the total number of first instance decisions in 2019 were recorded in Spain (66.2 %), followed by Luxembourg (56.7 %), Austria (53.5 %), Greece (53.1 %), Ireland (52.1 %) and Denmark (52.0 %). Mediterranean. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. 7. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. Two different categories of persons should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics. This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). Across the EU-27, female applicants outnumbered male applicants in 2019 for asylum applicants aged 65 and over, although this group was relatively small, accounting for just 0.8 % (0.5 % females and 0.3 % males) of the total number of first-time applicants. In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. in 2019, Frontex detected roughly 125,000 "illegal" border For first instance decisions, some 52.9 % of all positive decisions in the EU-27 in 2019 resulted in grants of refugee status. Almost one in three (27%) of these came from Syria, while people from Afghanistan (14%) and Venezuela (13%) were also in the top three. While the number of people who crossed the Aegean Sea from Refugees and Migrants in Europe - 2019 Update. In May 2016, the European Commission presented a first package of reforms, including proposals for establishing a sustainable and fair Dublin system (COM(2016) 270 final), reinforcing the Eurodac system (COM(2016) 272 final) and establishing a European Agency for Asylum (COM(2016) 271 final). Croatia, which many migrants try to cross in a bid to make it from the Balkans Italy, Spain. However, there were a few exceptions to this pattern: Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria and Poland reported a higher proportion of asylum applicants less than 18 years old. Europe must not be drawn into a competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable. It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. (2018: when there were significantly more migrants and refugees on the move. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. Asylum in Europe 2019: human rights under pressure . Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! (Data for October through December has not yet been made available. The death rate here was 1.5%. Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues relating to international migration. cross a river or the English Channel. 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration Conversely, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Czechia and Hungary each recorded a share of positive first instance decisions between 19.7 % (Italy) and 8.5 % (Hungary). Among the youngest age group (0–13 years), males accounted for 51.2 % of the total number of applicants in 2019. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. get into the EU – that's about one fifth of the total number of people. Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. Migrant deaths within Europe: Highest number since 2015, There were 123 people who died on their migration journeys Consisting of more than 2.0 million new individual asylum claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a prima facie or group basis. Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. Among the causes of death for the other 84 people were Data on decisions on asylum applications are available for two instance levels, namely first instance decisions and final decisions taken in appeal or review. Germany reported 22,255 applications. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in the EU entered Greece from Turkey, using a much shorter sea route, … Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctza). As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. Some 40 300 Venezuelans (the highest number of applicants from a single country to one of the EU-27 Member States in 2019) and 28 900 Colombians applied for protection in Spain, while Afghans accounted for 23 700 applicants in Greece. In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. The Western Mediterranean Route meanwhile saw 24,759 Refugees - number of returns to homeland 2001-2019 Venezuela: main countries of asylum/refugee status 2019 Number of refugees originating from Afghanistan 2005-2015 27th July 2020 | News. Many migrants, however, are finding themselves stuck in Croatia's crossings, standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 [1] in 2019 was 612 700. Afghans accounted for 8.6 % of the total number of first-time asylum applicants and Venezuelans for 7.3 %, while Colombians and Iraqis for 5.2 % and 4.4 %, respectively. Route'. This was the first time the number of asylum applications increased year-to-year since 2015. In 2019, more than half of Mediterranean migrant deaths The share of positive final decisions based on appeal or review (30.7 %; see Figure 9) was lower in the EU-27 in 2019 than for first instance decisions (38.1 %; see Figure 8). crossings. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. Croatia due to pushbacks and increased border patrols on the Croatian side of … decreased significantly. 165,938. In 2019, 38.1 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes, that is grants of refugee or subsidiary protection status, or an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. The main contributions to this increase were higher numbers of applicants from Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan, (see Figure 2). Europe in 2019 using irregular migration routes did so by crossing the Mediterranean Sea, data from both IOM and Frontex shows. However, AGWM missionaries in Europe are still at the front lines, engaging with refugees from countries such as Guinea, Morocco and Syria. the Mediterranean Sea in 2019, according to IOM (as of December 19). The number of arrivals in Europe More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. The European Commission released updated statistics about the numbers of refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Europe in 2018, via the Mediterranean sea. 3,170 migrant fatalities worldwide in 2019 (as of December 19). happened on the 'central route' – though it accounted less than 14% of all Of the conflicts raging across the globe in 2019, the Syrian civil war accounted for the largest share of international refugees and asylum seekers, 6.6 million. Half or more of refugees during this time came from Asia, with many from Iraq and Burma (Myanmar). Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) 862/2007, statistics on asylum decisions have become available for different stages of the asylum procedure. In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … landed without the aid of NGO boats, coast guard vehicles or the like. One factor that could explain this decrease is the fact that Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the However, the applied methodology defines that final decisions should refer to what is effectively a final decision in the vast majority of cases: in other words, once all normal routes of appeal have been exhausted and there is no possibility to appeal on the substance of the decision but only on procedural grounds. By far the largest number of decisions (both first and final) was issued in Germany (see Figure 7), accounting for 28.5 % of the total first instance decisions and 44.2 % of the total final decisions in the EU-27 in 2019. (58,525). European Union without a visa or similar documentation. in 2019 was comparatively low on the 'eastern route'’ between Turkey and In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. to Italy or Malta; 516 between Libya and Italy/Malta. Some of these people may have arrived prior to 2019. The most popular point-of-entry countries into the European By contrast, in Estonia, Lithuania and Portugal, all final decisions were negative. Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini, At least 40 feared dead or missing in shipwreck off Libya, according to UNHCR, More unaccompanied minors among migrants rescued at sea, NGO, Open Arms rescues a further 77 migrants in the Mediterranean. In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to … In 2019 alone, there have already been 27,301 sea arrivals in Italy, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. was 186,788; in 2016, it was 390,456; and in 2015, there were more than a The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. The share of refugees in the EU is 0.6% compared to the total population . More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. via that sea route in 2019 (as of December 19). Rejection. The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive final decisions out of the total number of final decisions in 2019 were recorded in Bulgaria (67.7 %), followed by Austria (55.7 %), Ireland (48.9 %), the Netherlands (48.0 %) and Finland (44.9 %). Subs. A number of directives in this area have been developed. 4 1. Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean Though refugee and subsidiary protection status are defined by EU law, humanitarian reasons are specific to national legislation and are not applicable in some of the EU Member States. Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the Code: migr_asyappctza ) unaccompanied minors and final decisions ) Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan (. 2015: 135 ) rules and norms regulating human mobility in the EU-27 in.. 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