Germany: Mismatch priority occupations Nursing and midwifery (associate) professionals belong to high shortage occupations for Germany. Milling machinists 2. In these cases, however, for people with a foreign university degree (so-called “foreign students”), nor an examination of the Federal Employment Agency required that meet the working conditions, especially the content, the usual working conditions. Periods of possession of an EU Blue Card – even in another Member State – are on the necessarytime to issue a permit for permanent residence in the EC in Germany counted under certain conditions (§ 9a para 2 No. This is a clear advantage over the national residence permits. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Shortage occupations are according to § 2 II BeschV especially scientists, mathematics, engineers, physicians in human medicine and academic professionals in information and communication technology. And such a drastic contraction of the labor potential would gravely hamper growth and innovation, warns the Director of the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Klaus Zimmermann. In contrast to other highly qualified persons, graduates from these occupations generally need for their employment in context of the Blue Card EU the approval by the Federal Employment Agency. These occupations include doctors, engineers, natural scientists, … with an annual gross income of at least EUR 52,000 (or gross income of EUR 4,333 monthly) or, in shortage occupations, an annual gross income of EUR 40,560 (or gross income of EUR 3,380 monthly), and when in possession of a German university or university college qualification, Only little fewer than 150 job contracts have so far been signed on that basis. They just need to find themselves jobs that correspond to their degrees and pursue them for two years. Key Points. But changes are now in the pipeline. We use cookies to improve our service for you. But it wouldn't help to turn a blind eye to the demographic realities. | Mobile version. In Germany there is currently no nationwide shortage of skilled workers, although it is already affecting certain occupations. Occupations in the IT branch count as high-demand occupations … Some thought that revealed a conspiracy. Documents verification by auslanderbehorde. Family members of skilled workers and university graduates and graduates who are under § 3b, § 4, § 5, § 27 and § 28 of the Employment Ordinance concerned may continue to exercise without the consent of the Federal Employment Agency employment (§ 3 No. Specific rules: In Germany, the EU Blue Card is issued for a maximum period of four years. How long will my EU Blue Card be valid? You can find more information in our data protection declaration. In issuing the permit only the equivalence is tested in working conditions, a preference clause does not take place. There is an international market for medical … For professions that are “in shortage”, the minimum salary in 1.2 times the national average. Germany to tackle skills shortage with 'Blue Card' The German Parliament has held its first debate on a government draft bill, which is geared towards luring more foreign, non-EU workers into Germany. Moreover, the annual earnings threshold is even to be lowered to 35,000 euros for engineers and technicians in professions where there's already a particularly grave skills shortage. The “EU Blue Card” is a single residence- and work permit. Foreigners who have completed their studies at a German university and less than the annual salary limits under the EU Directive 2009/50/EC earn (see above) will, as before a residence permit according to § 18 Residence Act for an adequate education to their employment . and a salary at least two-thirds of the German pension fund contribution ceiling (Beitragsbemessungsgrenze der deutschen Rentenversicherung), which changes slightly … The German government has been dragging its feet on implementing the Blue Card, maybe because many still don't see Germany as an immigration country. It therefore also helps to make the German labour market more attractive for qualified workers as well as reducing the growing shortage of skilled workers. Blue Card holders in shortage occupations must be paid at least EUR 43,056 per year (up from EUR 41,808 in 2019). Brain drain. mechanical and automotive engineering professions (Engineer) mechatronics, energy and electronics professions (Engineer) metal and welding engineering technical research and development technical drawing (not design draughtsman), construction and model making supply and disposal computer sciences, IT application consulting, software development and programming For members of EU- states generosity is valid concerning their stay. For the EU Blue Card Germany requires that you apply in-person. It is an important international political center, where the headquarters of associations such as the European Union and NATO function. International Student studying remotely at home country – Rent Contract Question, Help to get a VISA to study a Master’s in Germany. ... facilitated access for recent graduates and workers in shortage occupations for whom a lower salary threshold of 80% of the average national salary can be applied. Yulia Navalnaya has taken on an increasingly prominent role in the fight against the government of Vladimir Putin. Black toppers 3. When Germany's foreign minister met with his Turkish counterpart, DW published photographs of them with and without masks. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Also, they may only be granted if your livelihood is secured at this time (§ 18c of the Residence Act). For the year 2015, the following occupations are deemed shortage professions. Spouses, partners and children of persons who hold a Blue Card Union can travel to Germany to follow suit or. Memet Kilic, a lawmaker from the opposition Green party, believes the political and social climate in this country will have to change as well to make things work. Legal residence in strengthening the (permanent) settlement permit: Graduates of German universities is granted a permanent residence permit if they are for two years. © 2021 Deutsche Welle | In the north-west, it is washed by the North Sea. The business community as well as trade unions have long criticized that this threshold is far too high. Employers of foreign nationals planning to apply for or renew a EU Blue Card in Germany in 2019, or with pending Blue Card applications for work starting in 2019, should ensure that salaries meet the new minimum salary threshold. Swiss Cantons such as Basel, Geneva, and Zurich have already been urging the government to open the doors for Non-EU skilled migrants, so that shortage of workers could be covered. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The difficulties currently occuring in some occupations are also heavily dependent on the level of qualifications. owns and an annual salary from the current € 44,800 will be achieved, is granted under § 19a of the Residence Act, without examination by the Federal Employment Agency (temporary) EU Blue Card, if in Germany the conclusion of such contract of employment prospect is (§ 18 para 5 of the Residence Act ). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. For others, it must be 53, 800 Euros. The German Parliament has held its first debate on a government draft bill, which is geared towards luring more foreign, non-EU workers into Germany. For occupations where Germany is particularly lacking in qualified workers, the salary threshold for a Blue Card is supposed to be just under 35,000 euros. 2 of the Residence Act). Effective January 1, 2020, the minimum annual salary for EU Blue Card applicants in Germany will increase to EUR 55,200, or EUR 43,056 for shortage occupations, up 2.9 percent from last year. Required fields are marked *. Conditions adaptable to the Author: Sabine Kinkartz / hg Editor: Nicole Goebel. Legal notice | As of 1 August 2012 experience various changes in the law for foreigners who want to live and work as professionals in Germany and in force. You can apply for the permanent residency permit after 33 months of working in the first hosting state, or 21 months if B1 language level knowledge is achieved. Applicants who meet those requirements would get a temporary residence permit, which would be turned into a permanent one after three years in a given job in Germany. But if you have a contract in the occupations that suffer shortages of skilled labour the salary requirement decreases. For certain occupations that suffer from shortages of skilled labor the salary level is €43,056 per year (2020). The residence permit for high school graduates looking for an appropriate professional activity will no longer only twelve, but for 18 months granted (§ 16 paragraph 4 sentence 1 of the Residence Act). This is particularly true in STEM and health-related occupations. Your 1st class ticket to Germany is the gross annual salary of €53.600, which is rather the average for IT professions. The German healthcare system is renowned for its dense hospitality network, professional medical practices and a generally high level of care. Germany doesn't apply a labour market test. Which occupations are considered shortage occupations depends on the development of the Austrian labour market. So the blue card is a card for citizens from non-EU-states. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The EU Blue Card is a special type of residence permit that was adopted to help alleviate Germany’s skilled worker shortage. Faciliated Immigration: List of shortage Occupations From July 2013, the new employment regulation against the shortage of qualified personnel in training occupations will come into force. As far as the immigration authorities, the Federal Labour Agency in the work permit procedures involved in the future still needs the approval of the work permit shall continue to be granted if the federal agency for work within two weeks at the request of the Immigration Office responds and tells that not enough information provided to to decide on the approval, or the employer does not provide the necessary information or has not timely issued (§ 14 Employment Procedure Having health care requirements in mind, Germany's upper chamber of Parliament, the Bundesrat, has already signaled it will only support the bill, if the Blue Card were also applicable to non-EU citizens without a college degree. It facilitates mobility within the EU, excluding the member states Denmark, Ireland and UK. As a doctor in Germany, you benefit in several ways from this status. Holding an EU Blue Card you may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus with the competent residence authority in Austria (Provincial Governor (Landeshauptmann) or the duly authorised district administration bodies (Bezirkshauptmannschaft or Magistrat), if you were employed in accordance with the eligibility criteria for the EU Blue Card for at least 21 months during the preceding 24 months. The self-employment must be with the skills acquired in the study are related.Here, too, must be secured livelihood. Eligibility for the EU Blue Card Germany Are you Is you Bundesagentur für Arbeit Blue Card *) 2020 Salary requirement. Facilities for students and graduates and graduates from German universities – freedom of consent, access to self-employed and extension of the so-called “search phase”: Foreign students with a student residence permit according to § 16 Residence Act shall continue throughout 120 or 240 half days to work alongside their studies without consent (§ 16 para 3 of the Residence Act). Read and accept our cookies, privacy and disclaimer page. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. With her husband imprisoned again, that will continue. Whoever wants to acquire a Blue Card in future would only need to have a college degree and proof of having earned at least 45,000 euros per year. In these cases, however, for people with a foreign university degree (so-called “foreign students”), nor an examination of the Federal Employment Agency required that meet the working conditions, especially the content, the usual working conditions. "The threatening decline in our population – down to 77 million people by 2030 and 65 million people by 2060 – will also jeopardize the very financial basis of our social security," Zimmermann maintained. The Italian museum where the oil painting belonged was not aware of the theft. Spouses and domestic partners are also entitled immediately after their entry to employment (§ 29 par 5 No. Students and graduates of German universities, Facilities for vocational training in Germany, Facilitation of job search, shortening of the work permit process, comparable with a national university degree foreign degree. Your email address will not be published. a degree comparable to a German university degree or an acknowledged foreign diploma an annual gross income of 56.800 euros. In Berlin, Germany, the Blue Card requirements says the following: When engaging in employment. The exchange rate at the time of publication of this alert is 1 EUR to 1.11 USD. On Thursday, the German Parliament in its first reading debated alteration in line with Brussels' 2009 guideline for highly skilled labor. That would also apply to those undergoing vocational training in Germany. SPD lawmaker Daniela Kolbe fears that wage dumping might result from the legislation. Switzerland needs skilled workers for its labor market. It is issued to university graduates from so-called “third countries” who have secured a job in Germany and earn a salary of at least 53.600 … EU Blue Card holders are allowed to go back to their home countries or other non-EU states for a maximum of 12 consecutive months without losing the EU Blue Card ownership. New salary requirements should be considered. The EU Blue Card opened after 18 months, the possibility of another Member State of the European Union to move and work there, if there are also meeting the qualifications of the EU Directive 2009/50/EC. During this “search phase” foreign graduates may continue to be employed without limitation, to secure their livelihood. Medical doctor is one of the academic shortage occupations that foreign migrants can use to apply for a work permit (Blue Card) with a reduced income requirement. The 33-month period shall be reduced to 21 months if the foreign national language proficiency level B1 proves (§ 19a para 6 of the Residence Act). Applicants who have earned no less than 45,000 euros would obtain permanent residence status right away. The biggest hurdle for non-EU applicants to enter the German labor market has been his or her average annual salary, which needs to be no less than 66,000 euros ($88,000). You will have to have a gross yearly salary of 41, 808 Euros for the so-called shortage occupations in Germany. Which occupations are considered as shortage occupations depends on the development of the Austrian labour market. If the previous 12-month period to seek employment on 1 August 2012 has not expired, the permit according to § 16 paragraph 4 of the Residence Act is to extend by six months and allow unrestricted employment. The EU Blue Card – a (temporary) residence permit for skilled workers with possible further migration into another EU Member State: In addition to the national legislation (permanent) settlement permit for highly qualified according to § 19 Residence Act enters the new Blue Card Union in accordance with § 19a of the Residence Act. A childcare allowance is available in Germany â i.e., whoever has children receives a tax allowance for a specific amount of their income. Germany This leaflet is issued by Apply.eu – Helping you further! For Swiss employers, it has become really difficult to find engineers, technical workers, and IT specialists, etc this year. The situation is worsening in southern and eastern Germany … 1 Employment Procedure Ordinance). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Your email address will not be published. the training occupations. The search phase is one year. The EU Blue Card is a residence permit for the purpose of gainful employment for non-EU citizens with an academic qualification and a certain minimum income. Contact You get – like high school graduates – the ability to search for a domestic training appropriate job offer (§ 16 para 5b and § 17 paragraph 3 of the Residence Act) and adopt (§ 27 para 3 Employment Ordinance). For foreigners who hold a residence permit pursuant to § 16 paragraph 5 and § 17 section 1 of the Residence Act, into Germany, a school or company training to be completed, there are also significant improvements. After that, they will be granted an unlimited residence permit, too. Shortage occupations are specific occupations for which there are not enough workers in Germany. Germany, he said, would continue to have a closed-shop image. 2 of the Residence Act). limits are defined by Section 19a (1) No. The EU Blue Card helps highly-qualified third-country nationals to migrate to Germany permanently. My congratulations – you would easily get the German entry permit and the Blue Card EU. The opposition Social Democrats also appeared critical of the draft bill. The income must be sufficient, however, to secure the livelihood of their own. In order to qualify for an EU Blue Card as a highly qualified worker, you have to earn a salary that is at least 1.5 times the average national salary in the country where you will work. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in Germany. By 2030, Germany will have a shortage of six million workers, the Nuremberg-based Federal Labor Agency calculates. "Our economic strength and with it the economic well-being of each and everyone in this country will increasingly depend on people's innovative clout and knowledge," Schröder added. Blue Card Directive 7 June 2016 Highly skilled workers from third countries play a key role in strengthening the EU’s competitiveness. "The basis for a successful bill would also a more effective struggle against racism," Kilic argued. Belgium is a developed state, a part of the European Union, and is conveniently located near the Netherlands, France, Germany and Luxembourg. Doctors are not only highly appreciated by society, they are also well rewarded with an average salary for graduates being around €49,000 a year. The US keeps a so-called "Schedule A" list of shortage occupations. According to Ole Schröder, State Secretary in the Interior Ministry in Berlin, the government is thus sending out a clear signal to ambitious skilled workers from outside the European Union, saying that they're needed and welcome in Germany. Can I change my marital status while on student Visa? The EU blue card for Germany is a residence title for specific purposes; it provides an evidence for the legal stay of a citizen from a non-EU-country in an EU- member state for the purpose of working. Blue card German salary requirement For EU blue card there are job salary requirements: You need to have employment with a salary of at least 53600 Euros per year. Critics of the government's draft legislation doubt whether the lowering of the required annual earnings threshold will be enough to lure more foreign skilled labor to Germany. The permit is linked to the holder, not the job. For so-called “shortage occupations” is the annual salary limit for the EU Blue Card is currently € 34,944 . A closer look Existing employees and renewal applications. Although Germany does not have a nation-wide skills shortage at present, it is already impossible to fill vacancies in certain regions and sectors with suitable skilled workers. For so-called “shortage occupations” is the annual salary limit for the EU Blue Card is currently € 34,944 . Good news! It provides that the German labor market will be opened to qualified immigrants in mid-level positions, i.e. Skilled labour shortages in German companies – Which occupations are in demand? The Blue Card will also be offered to students to keep them in the country. Holders of a so-called Blue Card would face fewer restrictions. The artwork is believed have been painted by Giacomo Alibrandi — a student of Leonardo da Vinci. A new addition was also a residence permit for job search for qualified professionals with a duration of up to six months. A change of job is in the first two years of employment authorization (§ 19a para 4 of the Residence Act). The most severely hit are occupations in the sciences and engineering, and in health care. The EU- regulations concerning the blue card will be valid in Germany as a part of the German law from the … If you have a university degree in one of the following professionsthan you have excellent career opportunities in Germany. The standard period of validity in Germany is: Four years. Background The Blue Card (Blaue Karte) is applicable to highly-skilled employees with a local job offer. The signal going out to skilled workers would thus be rather negative and could mean that they'll give us a wide berth, he feared. These professions at present are: Scientists in natural science disciplines, mathematicians, architects, interior, urban and traffic planners, designers, engineers, scientific engineers, physicians (except dentists) and those with academic qualifications in information and communications technology. In addition to the inclusion of a (dependent) employment law for graduates of German universities in the future looks a residence permit for self-employment before (§ 21 paragraph 2 of the Residence Act). Prefer to read the website in your own language? they are either in shortage of surplus.Shortage Privacy Policy | The government in Berlin aims to lower the average annual income ceiling considerably. What the Green Card is for the United States of America, the Blue Card is meant to be for Europe. 3 of the German Residence Act (Aufenthaltsgesetz) and, when the card was introduced, were €36,192 for occupations where there is a shortage of skilled workers (“bottleneck occupations”) and €44,800 for other vocations. There's a particular shortage of labor in heath care. He also criticizes that applicants would lose their residence status, should they have to fall back on welfare money during the first three years of their stay in Germany. Accompanying spouses would be entitled to seek a job of their own and wouldn't have to undergo any German language tests. Ordinance). Shortage occupations are promulgated each year in a regulation (Fachkräfteverordnung) issued by the Federal Minister of Labour (Arbeitsminister/Arbeitsministerin) in consultation with the Federal Minister of Economics (Wirtschaftsminister/Wirtschaftsministerin). "To grant residence status only with such a caveat runs counter to the spirit of our migration law," Kilic argued. "We are talking about engineers, mathematicians and natural scientists whose initial salaries are put at over 39,000 euros per year on average, so, there's no need to lower the ceiling in this category of professions," Kolbe elaborated. Applications for a Red-White-Red Card for these occupations can be submitted until 5 November 2015: 1. SHORTAGE OCCUPATIONS IN BELGIUM. Blue Card holders in shortage occupations must be paid at least EUR 41,808. A foreigner or a foreigner, the / the. To qualify for the Blue Card an applicant must have a university or college degree and an employment contract with a German company that pays a salary of at least €55,200 per year (2020). You do not need to prove knowledge of German. Germany has a government-mandated minimum wage. A guideline from the European Commission dating back to 2009 stipulates that skilled workers from non-EU nations should have similar regulations as to their residence status than foreign workers in the US. Looking at past, current and future trends (3-4 years), a number of occupations have been identified as mismatch priority occupations for Germany, i.e. Germany's economy would screech to a halt without foreign labor. The work permit process has been streamlined. The previously planned review of working conditions by the Federal Employment Agency omitted (§ 3b Employment Ordinance). Alternatively, your employer can also apply for the Blue Card. Germany offers Blue Cards to even fresh University graduates if they have a job offer. A change of job is in the north-west, it has become really difficult to find engineers natural! 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